Sunday, July 17, 2005

ISKRA - the eternal Spark!

Iskra - the spark, as everyone knows was the newspaper started by russian marxist activists in 1900 headed by the great leader of the century, Lenin. Lenin, in 1896 realised the extreme potential of Russia which wasnot exploited, rather than saying not exploited we can say the growth was slow. That is how he claims in his book 'Development of Capitalism in Russia'.

That was during the turn of last century, and we are already in 21st century.............In India, everyone talks about the 8% economic growth, which we sustain till 2020 we can overtake UK, but how about the per capita income? Has the standard of life of our people going to change drastically because of this? What does the 7200+ sensex brings to an ordinary man in India?
What vision does our nation's leader have about the future of that 'ordinary indian' ? This is nothing against anyone..........being just another indian thinking about oneself only and commenting ' politicians are corrupt', is not going to bring changes and many of us will not wish to stay as such. As an india, we are happy for the 8% growth , but is that sustainable (Which is already down to 6.6%)........what is the vision 'what we are going to do with the 8% growth' for the future? Is that vision shared or communicated to what was reffered to ordinary indian? Does he know what he should do to improve his standard of life as well as the country's?

Iskra - in 1900 was published from Munich, Germany and distributed to the worker class in Russia. It was where the socialist seeds for Russia was sown by various socialist writers.

For Indian Iskra - we have a great medium of communication. No single person can make a change and if internet can be used for this purpose, people like us, 'Ordinary men(like me), economists, technologists, scientists, management people and everyone' can discuss and develop ideas, which can be then communicated.

I am broadcasting my first message sitting from my small room,but i dont know how far this will reach and I cannot think of any starting point, ideas are welcome.............

Iskra - spark has begun, yet to burn bright!!!


Blogger Mig said...

Where are we?
Reframe - What you know about India?

1. 71% or 742 million people are below 35 years of age. Indians are young.

2. 29 million people are born every year,10 million die per year, population increase 1.8%.

3. 94% drop out rate of children between kindergarten and 10+2.

4. 6% or the ones that cross the 10+2 stage, ( Educational “Line of Control”) which is our so called educated youth, go in for a
regular college degree which may not be very relevant in today’s context for the sake of employment generation and National GDP enhancement.

5. 72% of all graduates from colleges are Arts graduates. Balance 28% in Science, Commerce, Engineering, I.T., Medical, Law, Management and special subjects.

6. While 95% of the world youth between 15 to 35 years of age learn a vocation, a skill or a trade, with a choice of 3000
vocational education & training (VET) programs, we in India have only identified about 141 trades, after 57 years of
Independence and hardly 2% of the population goes for formal VET training!

7. We can get engineers in India but no carpenters, plumbers, drivers, repairmen and other skilled personnel as per
international standards! Information Technology, Software or I.T. is the only exception. Perhaps because of 50,000 or more Pvt. I.T. training centers.

8. I.T. & Software is only 1.5% of the world’s GDP. India’s present share is about 3%. For rapid economic growth and employment generation we need to concentrate on the balance 97% of the Economy & Enterprise and make it world class.

9. 300 million unemployed/employable age* and only 45 million have actually registered with employment offices with little or no hope of getting employment (our estimates)*.

10. Of all new employment generated, 1% are Government jobs, 2% are in the ‘organized sector’ and the balance 97% in the ‘unorganized sector’.

11. Out of our 430 million workforce, 94% work in the ‘unorganized sector’ and about 6 % in the ‘organized sector’.

12. 1.7% of the entire population, viz. 18 million people work for the Central & State Government; another 9 million work in the ‘private organized sector’, total 2.6% people.

13. All the Labour Laws are made to protect, at any cost, the above 2.6% of the Indian population. Article 311 of the Indian constitution needs revision since it over protects employees of the Government even at a cost to the Nation.

14. While MP's, MLA's and Municipal Councilors and the village Panchayats, can only be elected for a maximum of 5 years, the officials, babus, and government employees enjoy life long benefits of employment, in spite of performance.

15. 600 million illiterate people, based on the international definition of the 3R’s (reading, writing and arithmetic,
education up to primary level)

16. The Indian definition of literacy is based on survey of people - “If you can write your name, you are literate”; nobody
has seriously ever challenged this definition!

17. 300 million live below the Government of India's definition of Poverty Line of Rs.10 per day! (based on being able to buy
enough rice and wheat from the Public Distribution System / Ration Shops, which has food value of 2200 K Cal. per day)
This is my India !

18. Nobody has ever challenged this definition of ‘Poverty Line’. How can one expect people to live with a few kilos of raw uncooked wheat or rice? As human beings don’t we need more? How about one set of clothes to cover our bodies, a set of chappals for our feet, some vegetables, milk & fruit, in our diet? How will we cook without any energy and fuel?

19. 450 million* live below the poverty line definition of the World Bank's old definition of @ US$ 1 per day per person, or US$ 365 per year. 700 million* people below the poverty line definition of the World Bank's new definition of @ US$ 2 per day per person, or US$ 730 per year. (our estimates)*

20. Average Per Capita of an Indian is about US$ 606 per year per person (1.07 billion people and a GDP of US$ 648 billion).Average earning of an Indian is US$ 1.66 per day

21. India has only 1.77% of the World GDP and is 17% of the world population. Demands are high but buying power is low. Hence we will need to increase our export related activities by 10 times, as the foreign markets are 75 times bigger than the Indian market. Our share of world markets or foreign trade is 0.8%, down from 33% 1000 years ago, down from 27% when the British landed in India and down from 3% in 1947.

22. Only 5% of Indians understand English, yet most of the websites of the Government of India, State Governments and Public Institutions are in English!

23. While English is a language used in countries which account for about 40% of the world GDP, viz., USA + UK + old British Colonies, yet in India while we talk of Globalization, we are not serious to learn the other languages of the world, eg., Japanese, German etc, unlike the Chinese youth who are doing otherwise

24. India is probably at the bottom of the heap, as far as the human development index is concerned such as infant mortality, women’s health, sicknesses, disease, health, etc.

25. Democracy is to the people, for the people, by the people. If we have to succeed the Citizen has to get involved and participate in Governance

26. Unlike other countries, we have 17 official languages, 4000 dialects, all the religions of the world, and because of low
human and economic development, emphasis on SC, ST, Dalits, caste, religion, sect, minorities, regions, etc.

27. Employment generation is restricted due to existing Policies which do not encourage “Labour Intensive” enterprises. Relevant Labour Reforms in line with prevailing practices in other countries of Asia are required for a level playing field for Indian organizations.

28. The size of Enterprises cannot be decided by officials in the Central Government. They are decided by technology, process, international market forces and competitive pressures.

Reservation for Small Scale Industry (SSI), needs to be scrapped and SME’s should be encouraged. SSI’s are 7% of the Indian GDP. 99.7% of all organizations in the world are SME’s. 90% of the Indian GDP is SME. To understand the meaning of ‘E’ in SME (small & medium enterprise)., what's the repair?

11:40 PM  
Blogger Sadish said...

what does Iskra stands for ? which language word is that ?

11:56 AM  
Blogger senthil kumar said...

Iskra, is a russian word, which means 'the spark'...... but, the reason i preferred the name has no liguistical reason, not trying to be different......that was the newspaper started by Lenin in 1900 to communicate socialistic feelings!!!

2:58 AM  

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